I and Uthman bin Affan went to Allah's Apostle and said, ''O Allah's Apostle! You have given to Bani Al-Muttalib and left us although they and we are of the same kinship to you.'' Allah's Apostle said, ''Bani Muttalib and Bani Hashim are one and the same.'' The Prophet did not give a share to Bani Abd Shams and Bani Naufai. (Ibn Ishaq said, ''Abd Shams and Hashim and Al-Muttalib were maternal brothers and their mother was Atika bint Murra and Naufal was their paternal brother.)
Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi)
Uthman bin Affan and I went to the Prophet and said, ''You had given Banu Al-Muttalib from the Khumus of Khaibar's booty and left us in spite of the fact that we and Banu Al-Muttalib are similarly related to you.'' The Prophet said, ''Banu Hashim and Banu Al-Muttalib only are one and the same.'' So the Prophet did not give anything to Banu Abd Shams and Banu Nawfal.
Ali demanded the hand of the daughter of Abu Jahl. Fatima heard of this and went to Allah's Apostle saying, ''Your people think that you do not become angry for the sake of your daughters as Ali is now going to marry the daughter of Abu Jahl. ''On that Allah's Apostle got up and after his recitation of Tashah-hud. I heard him saying, ''Then after! I married one of my daughters to Abu Al-'As bin Al-Rabi' (the husband of Zainab, the daughter of the Prophet ) before Islam and he proved truthful in whatever he said to me. No doubt, Fatima is a part of me, I hate to see her being troubled. By Allah, the daughter of Allah's Apostle and the daughter of Allah's Enemy cannot be the wives of one man.'' So Ali gave up that engagement.
Al-Miswar further said: I heard the Prophet talking and he mentioned a son-in-law of his belonging to the tribe of Bani Abd-Shams. He highly praised him concerning that relationship and said (whenever) he spoke to me, he spoke the truth, and whenever he promised me, he fulfilled his promise.''
Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions
Musailama-al-Kadhdhab (i.e. the liar) came in the life-time of Allah's Apostle with many of his people (to Medina) and said, ''If Muhammad makes me his successor, I will follow him.'' Allah's Apostle went up to him with Thabit bin Qais bin Shams; and Allah's Apostle was carrying a piece of a date-palm leaf in his hand. He stood before Musailama (and his companions) and said, ''If you asked me even this piece (of a leaf), I would not give it to you. You cannot avoid the fate you are destined to, by Allah. If you reject Islam, Allah will destroy you. I think that you are most probably the same person whom I have seen in the dream.'' Abu Huraira told me that Allah's Apostle; said, ''While I was sleeping, I saw (in a dream) two gold bracelets round my arm, and that worried me too much. Then I was instructed divinely in my dream, to blow them off and so I blew them off, and they flew away. I interpreted the two bracelets as symbols of two liars who would appear after me. And so one of them was Al-Ansi and the other was Musailama Al-Kadhdhab from Al-Yamama.''
That when they reached Medina after returning from Yazid bin Mu'awaiya after the martyrdom of Husain bin Ali (may Allah bestow His Mercy upon him), Al-Miswar bin Makhrama met him and said to him, ''Do you have any need you may order me to satisfy?'' Ali said, ''No.'' Al-Miswar said, Will you give me the sword of Allah's Apostle for I am afraid that people may take it from you by force? By Allah, if you give it to me, they will never be able to take it till I die.'' When Ali bin Abu Talib demanded the hand of the daughter of Abi Jahal to be his wife besides Fatima, I heard Allah's Apostle on his pulpit delivering a sermon in this connection before the people, and I had then attained my age of puberty. Allah's Apostle said, ''Fatima is from me, and I am afraid she will be subjected to trials in her religion (because of jealousy).'' The Prophet then mentioned one of his son-in-law who was from the tribe of Abu Shams, and he praised him as a good son-in-law, saying, ''Whatever he said was the truth, and he promised me and fulfilled his promise. I do not make a legal thing illegal, nor do I make an illegal thing legal, but by Allah, the daughter of Allah's Apostle and the daughter of the enemy of Allah, (i.e. Abu Jahl) can never get together (as the wives of one man) (See Hadith No. 76, Vo. 5).
Narrater: (Ali bin Al-Husain) Book: (Sahi Bukhari) Vol: (4) Hadith No: (342)
Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)
Abu Hudhaifa bin Utba bin Rabi'a bin Abdi Shams who had witnessed the battle of Badr along with the Prophet adopted Salim as his son, to whom he married his niece, Hind bint Al-Walid bin Utba bin Rabi'a; and Salim was the freed slave of an Ansar woman, just as the Prophet had adopted Zaid as his son. It was the custom in the Pre-lslamic Period that if somebody adopted a boy, the people would call him the son of the adoptive father and he would be the latter's heir. But when Allah revealed the Divine Verses: Call them by (the names of) their fathers . . . your freed-slaves,' (33.5) the adopted persons were called by their fathers' names. The one whose father was not known, would be regarded as a Maula and your brother in religion. Later on Sahla bint Suhail bin Amr Al-Quraishi Al-'Amiri–and she was the wife of Abu- Hudhaifa bin Utba–came to the Prophet and said, ''O Allah's Apostle! We used to consider Salim as our (adopted) son, and now Allah has revealed what you know (regarding adopted sons).'' The sub-narrator then mentioned the rest of the narration.
By Allah, Al-Hasan bin Ali led large battalions like mountains against Muawiya. Amr bin Al-As said (to Muawiya), ''I surely see battalions which will not turn back before killing their opponents.'' Muawiya who was really the best of the two men said to him, ''O Amr! If these killed those and those killed these, who would be left with me for the jobs of the public, who would be left with me for their women, who would be left with me for their children?'' Then Muawiya sent two Quraishi men from the tribe of Abd-i-Shams called Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-Hasan saying to them, ''Go to this man (i.e. Al-Hasan) and negotiate peace with him and talk and appeal to him.'' So, they went to Al-Hasan and talked and appealed to him to accept peace. Al-Hasan said, ''We, the offspring of Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and people have indulged in killing and corruption (and money only will appease them).'' They said to Al-Hasan, ''Muawiya offers you so and so, and appeals to you and entreats you to accept peace.'' Al-Hasan said to them, ''But who will be responsible for what you have said?'' They said, ''We will be responsible for it.'' So, what-ever Al-Hasan asked they said, ''We will be responsible for it for you.'' So, Al-Hasan concluded a peace treaty with Muawiya. Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr saying, ''I saw Allah's Apostle on the pulpit and Al-Hasan bin Ali was by his side. The Prophet was looking once at the people and once at Al-Hasan bin Ali saying, This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace between two big groups of Muslims through him.''