Fasting  
 
Once the Prophet ordered a person on Ashura' (the tenth of Muharram) to announce, ''Whoever has eaten, should not eat any more, but fast, and who has not eaten should not eat, but complete his fast (till the end of the day).
 
Narrater: (Salama bin Al-Akwa)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (3)  Hadith No: (147)  
 
 
  Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)  
 
When the Prophet arrived at Medina, he noticed that some people among the Jews used to respect Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram) and fast on it. The Prophet then said, ''We have more right to observe fast on this day.'' and ordered that fasting should be observed on it.
 
Narrater: (Abu Musa)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (5)  Hadith No: (278)  
 
 
  Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))  
 
Fasting was observed on the day of Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram) by the people of the Pre-lslamic Period. But when (the order of compulsory fasting) in the month of Ramadan was revealed, the Prophet said, ''It is up to one to fast on it (i.e. day of Ashura') or not.''
 
Narrater: (Ibn Umar)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (6)  Hadith No: (28)  
 
 
  Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person  
 
Allah's Apostle said to a man from the tribe of Al-Aslam, ''Proclaim among your people (or the people) on the day of Ashura' (tenth of Muharram), Whosoever has eaten anything should fast for the rest of the day; and whoever has not eaten anything, should complete his fast.' ''
 
Narrater: (Salama bin Al-Akwa)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (9)  Hadith No: (370)  
 
 
  Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))  
 
When the Prophet arrived at Medina, the Jews were observing the fast on Ashura' (10th of Muharram) and they said, ''This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh,'' On that, the Prophet said to his companions, ''You (Muslims) have more right to celebrate Moses' victory than they have, so observe the fast on this day.''
 
Narrater: (Ibn Abbas)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (6)  Hadith No: (202)  
 
 
  Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))  
 
When Allah's Apostle arrived at Medina, he found the Jews observing the fast on the day of Ashura' (10th of Muharram). The Prophet asked them (about it) and they replied, ''This is the day when Moses became victorious over Pharaoh.'' The Prophet said (to the Muslims), ''We are nearer to Moses than they, so fast on this day.''
 
Narrater: (Ibn Abbas)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (6)  Hadith No: (261)  
 
 
  Beginning of Creation  
 
The Prophet said. ''(The division of time has turned to its original form which was current when Allah created the Heavens and the Earths. The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa' da, Dhul-Hijja and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab of (the tribe of) Mudar which comes between Jumadi-ath-Thaniyah and Sha ban.''
 
Narrater: (Abu Bakra)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (4)  Hadith No: (419)  
 
 
  Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)  
 
Ashura' (i.e. the tenth of Muharram) was a day on which the tribe of Quraish used to fast in the pre-lslamic period of ignorance. The Prophet also used to fast on this day. So when he migrated to Medina, he fasted on it and ordered (the Muslims) to fast on it. When the fasting of Ramadan was enjoined, it became optional for the people to fast or not to fast on the day of Ashura.
 
Narrater: (Aisha)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (5)  Hadith No: (172)  
 
 
  Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))  
 
The Prophet said, ''Time has come back to its original state which it had when Allah created the Heavens and the Earth; the year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three of them are in succession; Dhul-Qa'da, Dhul-Hijja and Al-Muharram, and (the fourth being) Rajab Mudar (named after the tribe of Mudar as they used to respect this month) which stands between Jumad (ath-thani) and Sha'ban.''
 
Narrater: (Abu Bakr)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (6)  Hadith No: (184)  
 
 
  Fasting  
 
The Prophet observed the fast on the 10th of Muharram ('Ashura), and ordered (Muslims) to fast on that day, but when the fasting of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting of the Ashura' was abandoned. Abdullah did not use to fast on that day unless it coincided with his routine fasting by chance.
 
Narrater: (Ibn Umar)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (3)  Hadith No: (116)  
 
 
  Prophets  
 
When the Prophet came to Medina, he found (the Jews) fasting on the day of Ashura' (i.e. 10th of Muharram). They used to say: ''This is a great day on which Allah saved Moses and drowned the folk of Pharaoh. Moses observed the fast on this day, as a sign of gratitude to Allah.'' The Prophet said, ''I am closer to Moses than they.'' So, he observed the fast (on that day) and ordered the Muslims to fast on it.
 
Narrater: (Ibn Abbas)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (4)  Hadith No: (609)  
 
 
  Fasting  
 
''The Prophet sent a messenger to the village of the Ansar in the morning of the day of Ashura' (10th of Muharram) to announce: Whoever has eaten something should not eat but complete the fast, and whoever is observing the fast should complete it.' ''She further said, ''Since then we used to fast on that day regularly and also make our boys fast. We used to make toys of wool for the boys and if anyone of them cried for, he was given those toys till it was the time of the breaking of the fast.''
 
Narrater: (Ar-Rubi' bint Mu'awadh)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (3)  Hadith No: (181)  
 
 
  Pilgrimmage (Hajj)  
 
The people used to fast on Ashura (the tenth day of the month of Muharram) before the fasting of Ramadan was made obligatory. And on that day the Ka'ba used to be covered with a cover. When Allah made the fasting of the month of Ramadan compulsory, Allah's Apostle said, ''Whoever wishes to fast (on the day of Ashura') may do so; and whoever wishes to leave it can do so.''
 
Narrater: (Aisha)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (2)  Hadith No: (662)  
 
 
  Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)  
 
The people used to consider the performance of Umra in the months of Hajj an evil deed on the earth, and they used to call the month of Muharram as Safar and used to say, ''When (the wounds over) the backs (of the camels) have healed and the foot-marks (of the camels) have vanished (after coming from Hajj), then Umra becomes legal for the one who wants to perform Umra.'' Allah's Apostle and his companions reached Mecca assuming Ihram for Hajj on the fourth of Dhul-Hijja. The Prophet ordered his companions to perform Umra (with that lhram instead of Hajj). They asked, ''O Allah's Apostle! What kind of finishing of Ihram?'' The Prophet said, ''Finish the Ihram completely.'
 
Narrater: (Ibn Abbas)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (5)  Hadith No: (173)  
 
 
  Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)  
 
The Prophet said, ''Time has come back to its original state which it had on the day Allah created the Heavens and the Earth. The year is twelve months, four of which are sacred, three of them are in succession, namely Dhul-Qa'da, Dhul Hijja and Muharram, (the fourth being) Rajab Mudar which is between Juma'da (ath-thamj and Sha'ban. The Prophet then asked, ''Which month is this?'' We said, ''Allah and his Apostle know better.'' He kept silent so long that we thought that he would call it by a name other than its real name. He said, ''Isn't it the month of Dhul-Hijja?'' We said, ''Yes.'' He said, ''Which town is this?'' We said, ''Allah and His Apostle know better.'' He kept silent so long that we thought that he would call it t,y a name other than its real name. He said, ''isn't it the town (of Mecca)?'' We replied, ''Yes.'' He said, ''What day is today?'' We replied, ''Allah and His Apostle know better.'' He kept silent so long that we thought that he would call it by a name other than its real name. He said, ''Isn't it the day of Nahr?'' We replied, ''Yes.'' He then said, ''Your blood, properties and honor are as sacred to one another as this day of yours in this town of yours in this month of yours. You will meet your Lord, and He will ask you about your deeds. Beware! Do not go astray after me by cutting the necks of each other. It is incumbent upon those who are present to convey this message to those who are absent, for some of those to whom it is conveyed may comprehend it better than some of those who have heard it directly.'' (Muhammad, the sub-narrator, on mentioning this used to say: The Prophet then said, ''No doubt! Haven't I delivered (Allah's) Message (to you)? Haven't I delivered Allah's message (to you)?''
 
Narrater: (Abu Bakra)   Book: (Sahi Bukhari)   Vol: (7)  Hadith No: (458)  
 
 
Hadith of The Day
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